'Narrated by the glorious scholars' (qasida 15:47)
This is the motto of this section, which is for preserving and the knowledge about the valuable books of our great religious predecessors.
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Great Ancestors' Books
Since we are constantly in need for the non-distorted books of our predecessors, and since some irresponsible groups had intentionally or unintentionally printed distorted books and spread them either in the markets or on the internet, there aroused an insisting need to find reliable sources for the books and knowledge of the virtuous predecessors. So, we are nominating to you some sister sites that choose accurately every book they present. This way you can easily find the books and texts of our predecessors which some people tried to hide and conceal, but Allah will complete His guidance, even if biased people dislike.
We will mention some of the books, from these sites, that sheikh Fakhr Eldin quoted from in his books and lessons. More information about these sites are in the library page in our main site.
Books of Imam at-Tirmizi:
Sunan of at-Tirmizi or the Sahih Collector - one of the six Sahihs - of Imam Mohamed ibn Isa ibn Sawrah ibn Mosa ibn ad-Dahhak who is known as Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi who passed away in 279H. Imam at-Tirmizi was from teachers of the technique of justification of Hadith and giving preferences for its narrations. So his book was teaching this technique with a practically way.
The researcher depended on seven copies of manuscripts and prints and indicated this in the footnotes. Some of these prints are corrected on its narrators and traced to Imam at-Tirmizi. The researcher made a lot of efforts in conforming these copies and manuscripts. He also did a moderate explanation of the Hadith in it and he was so attentive not to include in it what is belonging.
Introduced by Editorial Group
Translated by Aseya al-Khouly
Note: to download & use these books, you need to down the compressed files (rar files) of the book and place it in the same folder and do not change their names. Then open any compressed file and you will find the book which may comprise of one (pdf) file or several ones which in turn will be decompressed to a one folder and do not change any of their names. Now you open any of them using the acrobat reader
The Knowledgeable Glorious Scholars
Thanks to Allah who has made the knowledgeable scholars successors to the prophets to inherit their manners and became role models for everyone. Many people got strayed and got away from the guidance of the Beloved [PPBUH] when they did not take the great old knowledgeable scholars of this nation as their source of knowledge, instead they became addicted to taking from the recent simple ones. This way they got away from what their righteous ancestors used to have and what was settled by the Islamic nation for decades and centuries.
The Prophet [PPBUH] said: (People are still in blessing as long as they took their knowledge from their knowledgeable elders. When they start taking from their young unknowledgeable ones then they are doomed). The Prophet [PPBUH] also said: (This religion is knowledge, so be careful who to get from). He [PPBUH] also said: (When the knowledgeable scholars die, people will choose their leaders from unknowledgeable ones. When they ask them, they will answer without knowledge, so they will lead astray and mislead everyone, and there is no strength no power but from Allah).
sayydi Fakhreddin Mohamed Osman [AAH] said:
[If you were asked: What is the book? It is from what is narrated by the great scholars] (qasida 15:47)
All scholars agreed that no one can disparage any word from the Prophet [PPBUH] or judge it as being fabricated or weakly narrated, unless he has an absolute proof from Qur'an or Sunna of the Prophet [PPBUH]. From the start of the first century and up until now, great scholars [AAT] have taken the mission of preserving Turath of our true religion [inherited knowledge from the Prophet, His companions, and our great scholars]. They have been preserving it the same way as the Prophet [PPBUH] wanted them to do. That is how the authentic Hadith, true interpretations, and Historical events from the start of Mohammad' Message till our current day, were preserved and predicated honestly and truthfully. One of the main glorious scholars, with a great resume, is:
Imam at-Tirmizi [AAH]
He is Isa Abo ad-Dahhak as-Selmi al-Bawghi at-Tirmizi, the blind. He was born in 209H, in the village of Bough or in city of Turmuz, it has been reported from at-Tirmizi that he said "My grandfather was Marwizi in the days of Laith ibn Sayyar then moved from him to Turmuz". May be his ascribing to city of Bough is because of his residence in that village until he passed away. Bough is one of the villages of Turmuz, which is a famous city on the side of Balkh river, which is called Gaihoon.
At-Tirmizi has witnessed many old sheikhs and listened to them, his age was the great scientific awaking era in knowledge of Hadith. Imam Mohamed ibn Idris ash-Shafei'y, the great supporter of Hadith, was the one who had the great share in giving life back and development of Hadith science. Imam as-Shafei'y [AAH] taught all people in general and the people of Iraq then Egypt specially, the meaning of using Sunna as an argument and the meaning of working with it and with Qur'an. He set down principles for that and edited it. He also demonstrated to his rivals the necessity of using Hadith and he overwhelmed them. That is why, the Imams of the six books excelled right next to ash-Shafei'y era, although they did not witness or hear him directly. As they witnessed his companions, contemporaries, rivals and greatest students. These were: Imam al-Bukhary [194- 279H], Imam Muslim [204- 279H], Abo-Dawoud [202-275H], imam an-Nasa'y [215-303H] and ibn Magah [209-273H]. They [AAT] have narrated from many sheikhs, but they were common in those nine: Mohamed ibn Bash-shar: Bendar, Mohamed ibn al-Muthana Abo-Moses, Zeyad ibn Yahya al-Husaini, Abbas ibn Abdel-Azym al-Anbari, Abo-sa'id ibn al-Ashagg: Abdullah ibn sa'id al-Kindi, Abo-Hafs Amro ibn Ali al-Fallas, Ya'qub ibn Ibrahim ad-Dawrqi, Mohamed ibn Mu'ammar al-Qaisi al-Bahrani and Nasr ibn Ali al-Gahdami.
Imam at-Tirmizi has witnessed older sheikhs than those and listened and narrated from them during their era. like: Abdullah ibn Mo'awyah al-Gamhi, Ali ibn Hajar al-Marouzi, Sewid ibn Nasr ibn Sewid al-Marouzi, Qutaibah ibn Sa'id ath-Thaqafy Abo-Ragaa, Abo-Mos'ab Ahmed ibn Abo-Bakr az-Zuhari al-Madani, Mohamed ibn Abdul-Malik ibn Abo-ash-Shawarib, Ibrahim ibn Abdullah ibn Hatem al-Harawi and Isma'il ibn Mosa al-Fazzary al-Huda. Many of them are from al-Bukhary sheikhs. At-Tirmizi himself is a student and a graduate of al-Bukhary, from whom he took the knowledge of Hadith. And by his hands he learned and practiced, he asked him and benefited from him. He also debated with him, agreed with him, and disagreed with him, as was the custom of those scholars, in following the right wherever they see it, and refusing to imitate. On this context what happened once; when there was a difference about one Hadith, in its narrations. Hafez ad-Darmy was asked about it as well as al-Bukhary, however they did not support any of the narrations. Then al-Bukhary offered one of these narrations in his Sahih. However at-Tirmizi did not follow him, but supported another narration for which he had an evidences … and so on.
Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi traveled through many states and listened to the people of Khurasan, Iraq and Hejaz. We do not think that he entered in Iraq, as if he entered it, he would have listened to the master of Hadith people and their leader Imam Ahmed ibn Hanbal [164- 241H].
Many people narrated from Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi. Some of them were mentioned in "Ticket of Hafizs" and in "the Discipline" and the most important of them is al-Mahbubi who was the sheikh and man of Hadith if of Marw. Al-Bukhary wanted to testify to his student at-Tirmizi a valuable testimony, so he listed one Hadith of his narration. that was the custom of the great sheikhs when they narrate from someone who is younger than them [AAT].
The sayings of the scholars about him:
Hafez Abo-al-Fadl ibn Taher al-Maqdisi said that Hafiz Abo-Sa'id ibn Mohamed al-Idrisi said " Hafez Mohamed ibn Isa ibn Sawrah at-Tirmizi, the blind, is one of the role model Imams in the knowledge of Hadith. He compiled the books of "the Collector", "the Dates and Ailments" like a great skillful scholar. He was an example for Hafizs". Al-Idrisi narrated from al-Marzawi that he said "I heard Hafez Abo-Isa Mohamed ibn Isa at-Tirmizi saying: I was on my way to Mecca, while I had wrote two parts of one sheikh's Hadith. That sheikh passed by us, and when I asked about him and they told me, I went to him thinking that the two parts I wrote are with me. However I carried out another two other parts thinking it was the two parts of his. When I reached him, I asked him to revise the two parts on him. He answered me to that. Then, I looked at the two parts and found them to be empty 'white'. So I was confused. The sheikh started to read for me from his memory. Then he saw the white empty parts between my hands, and said: Are not you ashamed of me? I said: No. and told him the story and said: I memorize it all. He said: then read it, and I read all what he read on me by heart. He did not believe me and said: you revised it before coming, I said: ask me about anything else. He read on me forty Hadith of his strange Hadith then said: Now you read. I read on him from the beginning to the end exactly as he read and I did not miss a letter. So he said: I never saw any one like you".
As-Samany described him in "The lineages" that he is "the Imam of his era without dispute, the one with the classifications". He also said that "he is one of the Imams who were role models in the knowledge of Hadith". Ibn Khalkan said that too.
Az-Zahabi in "Ticket of Hafizs", as-Safdi in "the Jokes of Wanderer" and al-Mazey in "the Discipline" reported that ibn Hayyan mentioned at-Tirmizi in "the Trusted Ones" and said "he was one of those who collected, classified, memorized and studied".
Al-Mazey described him in "the Discipline" as "the keeper, possessor of al-Gamea [the Collector] and other classifications, one of the prominent Hafiz Imams, and from those whom Allah benefited the Muslim with".
Az-Zahabi said in "the Balance" that "the Hafez, the pen, and possessor of the collector, is an expert and an agreed upon one. And it was not to be considered the saying of ibn Hazm about him, that he did not know or recognize the existence of the collector and the ailments".
Hafez ibn Hagar said in "the Discipline of the Discipline" that "as to Abo-Mohamed ibn Hazm: he called out to himself as being unaware. As how can he miss the knowledge of Abo-Isa Mohamed ibn Isa".
The scholar Tash Kubra Zadah said in "the Key of Happiness" that "he was one of the great famous Hafiz knowledgeable scholars, and he made a great Fiqh contribution. He took knowledge of Hadith from a group of the Imams and he met the first front of the sheikhs".
Ibn al-Imad al-Hanbali said in "The Particles of Gold" that "he was a prominent among his equals and a miracle in memorizing and skillfulness". Al-Hakem Abo-Ahmed reported from one of his sheikhs that "Mohamed ibn Ismail al-Bukhary passed away and was not succeeded, in Khurasan, any one like Abo-Isa in the knowledge, Hafiz, piety and asceticism. He wept until he became blind and stayed so for years".
Aboel-Fadl al-Bailamani said that he heard that Nasr ibn Isa at-Tirmizi said "Mohamad ibn Isma'il [al-Bukhari] said to me: I did not benefit from you more than you benefitted of me". This is a great testimony of his sheikh, the Imam of Muslims and prince of believers in the knowledge of Hadith in his era".
Hafez Yusuf ibn Ahmed al-Bughdadi narrated that "Abo Isa at-Tirmizi became blind at the end of his age". Ibn al-Athir said "He was a Hafiz Imam and had good classifications like: the big Collector which is his best books".
What was said about his book the Collector:
In "Driving the doubts away from Sahih al-Gamea of at-Tirmizi" it was said "it is the third of the six books in Hadith, it was famously ascribed to his compiler that it is said "the Collector of at-Tirmizi" also said "Sunan at-Tirmizi", however the first saying is more common".
Hafiz Aboel-Fadl al-Maqdisi said "I heard Imam Abo-Ismail Abdullah ibn Mohamed al-Ansari, in Hara'ah, while Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi and his book were mentioned in his presence. He said: his book, to me, is more beneficial than the books of al-Bukhary and Muslim. As the books of al-Bukhary and Muslim are not very useful except for the scholar who is deeply studying. However the book of Abo-Isa, everyone can get its benefits".
It was narrated from at-Tumuzi that he said about his book "I compiled my book, then I showed it to the knowledgeable scholars of Hejaz, Iraq and Khurasan and they accepted it, and the one who has this book in his house, as if there is a prophet, speaking in his house".
The scholar Tash Kubra said about at-Tirmizi's book "and this book Sahih is the best book, the most beneficial, the best arranged, and has the least repetitions. It has what other books have not, of mentioning the doctrines, the ways of deduction and showing the kinds of Hadith: the correct, the good and the strange, also shows what it has weakness and modification. At its end it has the book of the ailments. He gathered in it good benefits which value is not hidden from any one who reads it".
Hafiz al-Maqdisi said "as for Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi, alone, his book is divided to four sections: A Sahih section which is perfectly certain and this is what he consent to with al-Bukhary and Muslim. A section on the condition of three ones other than the last two ones -he meant: Abo Dawud, an-Nasa'y and ibn Magah. Another section for which he showed the ailments, but did not ignore it. And a fourth section which he showed by himself. He said: I did not predicate, in my book, except a Hadith that the Fiqh scholars has used before. This is a wide condition and that is the origin of all Hadith. He did not give any one the chance to blame him, as he cured in his classification and gave enough description about each Hadith as it required. His method [AAH] was so that he narrates in a chapter a famous Hadith from a companion that has a correct narration and was predicated in the Sahih books of Hadith, then he provides in this chapter the same rule by another companion who was not predicated in their books, and its route is not like the first route, but the rule is correct. Then he follows it by his saying: and in this chapter so-and-so. And he mentions a group of companions with that famous companion among them, and more. However he did not follow this method except in a few chapters".
The judge Abo-Bakr ibn al-Arabi said in his beginning explanation about at-Tirmizi "you should know, may Allah light your hearts, that the book of al-Ga'fi -al-Bukhary- is the second source in this context and al-Mowatta' is the first and the door, and all the others built on them, like: al-Qushairi -Muslim, at-Tirmizi and others after them, but there is no book of them like the book of Abo-Isa at-Tirmizi in its sweet syllable, precious intent, and pleasant legislation. There are fourteen kind of knowledge in it, which made it closer to the practical way and the safest: he made predications, corrected, weakened, numerated the ways, wounded, modified, named, made metaphors, connected, cut, shown the used and the left, and shown the difference of scholars in agreement and disagreement with his works. He also mentioned their disagreement in his interpretation. Every knowledge of those is an origin in its context and unique in its quorum. Its reader will still be in an adorned gardens and a coordinated agreed knowledge, which is something that is prevailed by the abundant knowledge, the great success granted by Allah, and the devotion and arrangement".
His other books:
According to the saying of scholars: the Sahih Collector, Shmaa-il [the Merits], the Ailments, the History, the Asceticism and the Names and Surnames. However, we did not see from them except his two books [the Sahih Collector and the Merits]. All of these books are among what were lost of other precious books, while there are, other books of his that we did not even knew about.
He passed away in his village Bough, most probably, in 279H. When he was 70 years old on the third of Ragab, he went to Khurasan and stayed there for long time, until he passed away in his village Bough and thus was his ascribing to its closest city, which was Turmuz.
Written by G. Salah.
Translated by Aseya al-Khouly